Saturday, October 11, 2008

Xiamen Special Economic Zone

Xiamen Special Economic Zone , established in 1980, is one of the five s in the People's Republic of China. Originally comprising a territory of 2.5 km? in Xiamen City, it was expanded to 131 km? in 1984, covering the entire Xiamen Island, which comprises Huli District and Siming District excluding Gulangyu.

and Xinglin districts were designated "Taiwan Businessmen Investment Zones" on , 1989, and Jimei District was designated in 1992. Foreign investment enjoys the same economic policies as in the special economic zone.

Tong'an District

Tong'an District is a northern mainland of Xiamen which faces Jinmen. Tongan is located on the southeast of Fujian province. To the north is Anxi and Nanan, to the south is Jimei. Tong'an is also east of Lianxiang and Changqin to the West. It covers 657.59 km?

Tong'an District has a population of 520 000 residents.


Tong’an District administers two streets: Datong and Xiang Ping. It has local authority over six towns. They are Hongtang, Wuxian, Dingxi, Xinming, Xike and Lianhua.

Tong'an District is also attracting foreign investment because of its status as a designated special economic zone in Xiamen.


Tong'an has a mild sub tropical climate. This is very suitable for growing crops and plants. It is covered in natural resources such as granite, kaolin earth, mineral water and hot springs. It is emerging as a growing commercial base. The main agricultural products from Tong'an District are prawns, peanuts, longan, and pigs, fruits, vegetables, tea and herbs.


Tong'an district is at the economic crossroad between Xiamen, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou prefecture level cities. It is an important transport hub because the Fuzhou-Xiamen and Zhangzhou-Quanzhou Highways pass directly through Tong'an District providing direct access to all the counties and villages. The Xiamen International Airport is only 27 km away. It is 32 km from the North Xiamen Freight Transport Railway Station.


Tong'an climate is subtropical, rich rainfall in mild winters and hot summers. Winters are short, roughly 25 days and summer is hot with up to 152 days. The weather is changeable in Spring and Autumn is very cool. Tong'an annual average temperature is 21°C The coldest temperature is 12.8°C in January and hottest is 28.4in July. The annual average rainfall is 1467.7 mm and 2030.7 hours sunlight per year. The The annual average evaporation is 1685.2mm, accumulated temperature is 57.67-77.17℃. This climate is suitable for agriculture, forestry industries, animal husbandry and fisheries.

Siming District

The place was made Zhongxin District in October 1945. It was renamed to Siming in 1950. In April 1953, the district's government was upgraded from District Bureau to People's Government . From August 1966 to October 1979, Siming was named Xiangyang .


Before the merge, Siming originally has five street offices :
* Binghai
* Siming
* Wen'an
* Xiagang
* Zhonghua

The above five are divided into 58 residential committees , and two villages: Zengcuoan and Huangcuo . In May 2003, Siming's two neighbouring districts -- Gulangyu Island and the larger -- were merged into Siming.

Xiagang Street was originally a district in 1950.

Today, Siming has ten street offices :
* Binghai
* Zhonghua
* Xiagang
* Lianqian
* Jialian
* Wucun
* Kaiyuan
* Lujiang
* Gulangyu

These street offices are divided into 95 residential committees

Roman Catholic Diocese of Xiamen

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Xiamen/Amoy/Hsíamen is a diocese located in the city of Xiamen in the Ecclesiastical province of in China.


* December 3, 1883: Established as Apostolic Vicariate of Amoy 廈門 from the Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Fo-kien 福建北境
* April 11, 1946: Promoted as Diocese of Xiamen 廈門


* Bishops of Xiamen 廈門
** Bishop Juan Bautista Velasco Díaz, O.P.
** Bishop Manuel Prat Pujoldevall, O.P.
* Vicars Apostolic of Amoy 廈門
** Bishop Manuel Prat Pujoldevall, O.P.
** Bishop Isidoro Clemente Gutiérrez, O.P.
** Bishop Esteban Sánchez de las Heras, O.P.
** Bishop Ignacio Ibá?ez, O.P.
** Bishop Andrés Chinchón, O.P.

Kaiyuan District

Kaiyuan is a region in Xiamen Municipality and a former district that now belongs to Siming District. It is in Fujian Province, the People's Republic of China.

* Area: 54
* Population: 527,000

Kaiyuan is in central Xiamen Island, north of the original Siming District and south of Huli District. It is named after a street meaning "Initiating the First ".


After the establishment of the Republic of China,
Kaiyuan was made a district in October 1945. From August 1966 to October 1979, Kaiyuan was named Dongfeng . It was merged into Siming in May 2003.


Kaiyuan compasses six street offices :
* Lujiang
* Gongyuan
* Wucun
* Yuandang
* Jialian
* Lianqian

The street offices contains 99 residential committees , and six villages.

Jimei District

Jimei District is one of the districts in Xiamen, Fujian province, China. Founded in 1992, it is the administrative district for Guankou ,Xinlin town, Houxi, Xinglin Street, Jimei Street and Qiaoying Street. It spans an area of 270 km2. The total local resident population is 280,000. Jimei District has a rich history and vibrant culture. It hosts modern facilities such as universities, a culture center, cinema, stadium, library and culture square.

Xiamen Bridge connects Jimei and Xiamen island and the important gateway to Xiamen Special Economic Zone.


Jimei is the educational hub of Xiamen with over 90 years of history. The famous overseas Chinese, , established the Jimei Educational Institution. This is a complete educational system which consists of kindergarten, primary school, middle school to high school. He was also influential in the establishment of universities such as Jimei University and Huaqiao University.


Jimei together with Xinlin district are one of the districts targeted at Taiwanese investments. In the last ten years, economic activity has grown substantially in Jimei. It is a hub for services, basic and manufacturing industries. Jimei District attracted 610 foreign investment projects with value of US$2.693 billion. The total GDP of the district reached 8.335 billion yuan.

It now has the north industrial area, Xingbie industrial area, Guangnan industrial area, Central Asia industrial area and Xingna Industrial area.

Huli District

Huli District is located in the north of Xiamen island with 3 sides facing the ocean. Huli is the heart of Xiamen Special Economic Zone. It was founded as district in November 1987. Huli District administers Jiangtou, Heshan, Jingshan, Huli and Dianqian. It covers land area of 61.41km2 which is 46.33% of the entire island.The coastline is 24 kilometres. Huli District is the centre for commerce, science, education, sports, tourism and culture.


Huli District’s GDP in 2002, was 3.561 billion yuan. The total economic value was 7.127 billion yuan. The Per capita net income of the residents was 8250 yuan. By 2002 year end, the total population of Huli District was 127 200. This made up of 44 400 households. The total population of urban residents is 101 900 which consist of 80.11% of total population. By the start of 2006, local residents were up to 440,000 including 320,000 from other places. This equal to 72.73% of entire population.


Huli District has very modern and developed infrastructure such as the Gaoqi International Airport, Municipal road network, regional road network, city communication network and water, electricity, gas and sewage disposal system. The northern coast of Huli District boast a deep water port.